The golf stream is slowing down
The golf stream is constantly slowing down, and will have slowed down 45 % at the end of this century causing the effect of lower temperatures in Sweden. If the stream stopped all together the temperature would drop to -50 degrees. The winters in Sweden will become colder due to warmer sea streams around the arctic, causing even more ice to melt and changing movment of the golf steams by having a warming impact.
Scientist do warn that the stream could stop altogether at some point but of course right now we cannot be sure of that.
Source: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/utrikes/varningen-golfstrommen-kan-stanna-helt-1 2021-02-22
Worst hurricane year in recorded history
This year was the worst hurricane year in recorded history amounting to 30 tropical storms (and the season is still going at this point). The hurricanes are increasing in numbers but also in strength. In the future even Europe has to get use to facing tropical hurricanes and here in Scandinavia storms of this caliber will be a reality when the planets temperature rises.
The hurricanes are getting more powerful, wetter (they can hold more moist air) and they also move slower it rains more frequently in the same area.
But the hurricanes are by no means staying in one designated area, instead they are more on the move then ever, already covering a much larger geographical area and right now the storm Theta is moving to Europe about to reach hurricanestrength (firstly it will hit Portugal and then other Europan countries like Great Britain, Ireland, Spain and France could be on this storms list).
Source: SVD, 2020-11-12
Worst storm in decades hit Central America
The countries of Central America have been flooded (Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica and Nicaragua) and hundreds of people have lost their homes. About 100 people have been found to be dead in Guatemala after the storm Eta hit Central America. The country of Honduras has also suffered a loss of 20 people from the same storm.
Source: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/utrikes/over-170-doda-och-saknade-efter-eta 2020-11-07
Supertyhoon hits the Philippines
Hurricane "Goni" has hit the entire Philippines in storm strength 5 (the highest level of hurricane strength today). Winds have reached the country at over 80 meters per second.
In the next 12 hours, violent winds, heavy rainfall and the risk of tidal waves and landslides are expected.
At the same time, the population is fighting Covid and must keep their distance during the massive evacuation. One million people have been evacuated already, but the hurricane will affect the entire country's population along its way.
Source: https://www.dn.se/varlden/supertyfon-har-natt-filippinerna-en-miljon-evakuerade/ 2020-11-01
Five tropical storms in the Pacific
Five tropical hurricane storms are raging in the Pacific heading towards the american coastline.
The five storms are called Paulette, Rene, Sally, Teddy and Vicky.
Closest to the mainland of America is Hurricane Sally. Winds above 40 meters per second have been measured, and the forecast is that Sally will increase in strength.
The american National Hurricane Center, NHC warns of "extremely dangerous, life-threatening storm surges" in the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida.
Paulette has hit Bermuda and luckily no one was injured. The storm Paulette is now heading towards the eastcoast of the USA.
The storm Vicky is estimated to decrease in strength unlike the storm Teddy which will reach a four degree level (on a five degree risk scale) in hurricane strength.
Rene is a storm which also will decrease its strength.
Source: https://www.dn.se/varlden/fem-tropiska-stormar-over-atlanten-forsta-gangen-pa-50-ar/ 2020-09-15
Second largest forest fire in Californian history
The fires in California continue to spread. The largest of them, a group of hearths called the LNU Lightning Complex, has grown to over 121,000 acres and is now the second largest in the state's history.
Only a small portion of the fire is under control. 500 buildings have been destroyed and many more are threatened around the vineyards of Napa and Sonoma. Nearly 600 fires are raging in the state, six people have died in connection with them.
Source: https://www.svd.se/jattebrand-rasar-i-kalifornien 2020-08-22
The greatest wildlife disaster in modern history
Billions of animals died in Australia's fires around the turn of the year 2019-2020 and took the lives of 30 people. 143 million mammals, 2.46 billion reptiles, 180 million birds and 51 million frogs are said to have died in the disaster.
According to its report on the disaster, WWF believes that this was the largest natural disaster in modern history.
Source: https://www.msn.com/sv-se/nyheter/utrikes/miljarder-djur-offer-i-australiens-br%C3%A4nder/ar-BB17gjSH?ocid=BingHPC 2020-07-28
Population of the earth in 2100
According to a new study by the UN, the earth's population will consist of 8.8 billion people by 2100, not the 11 billion previously estimated.
Birth rates are falling globally and at the same time the countries' populations are shrinking to triple Africa's population (Nigeria will be the world's second most populous country by 2100).
China reduces its able-bodied population from 950 million to 359 million, while Nigeria quintuples its able-bodied population fivefold.
Source: https://www.dn.se/nyheter/varlden/studie-bara-88-miljarder-i-varlden-ar- 2100/ 2020-07-06
The permafrost in Siberia has begun to melt
Due to temperature rises in Russia of about 5 degrees in 2020, the permafrost has begun to melt in Siberia. The permafrost traps methane gas which is released into the air if the frost thaws. This means that global warming is accelerating with possible horrendous consequences for our weather on earth. The permafrost has just begun to melt and covers an area three times the size of the EU.
To stop this, natural geographer Gustaf Hugelius believes that strong counterforces are needed in the form of reductions in carbon dioxide emissions over the next 10-20 years.
Source: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/forskare-brattom-att-stoppa-smaltande-permafrost 2020-07-13
One degree higher over the next five years
WMO (World Metrological Organization), the UN's meteorological agency, five-year forecast for the climate shows that the Arctic during this year 2020 will be warmed twice as much as the average for the entire planet.
This is because the annual temperature will be one degree higher than the average value in pre-industrial times (the years 1850-1900).
In addition, Western Europe will launch a period of more storms while Australia, southern Africa and northern and eastern South America will be drier.
Sahel and areas around the poles instead get more rain than before.
Source: https://www.msn.com/sv-se/nyheter/utrikes/v%C3%A4rre-torka-v%C3%A4ntar-och-v%C3%A4rre-regn/ar-BB16DDFi?ocid=BingHPC 2020-07-12
The Baltic Sea is dying out
The Baltic Sea is in great danger, due to eutrophication, overfishing and rising environmental toxins. The bottoms of the Baltic Sea have largely died, an area as large as the whole of Denmark is completely extinct today and the extinction is spreading further. What happened? A documentary by SVT in the program Vetenskapens Värld reveals that a factory in Russia has released tons of chicken manure on land that leaks manure in the Baltic Sea. This has caused most of the eutrophication in the Baltic Sea and must, of course, be stopped immediately. And what happens when the sea is overfertilized? Well, the oxygen disappears and therefore fish and plants die. Overfishing then? Yes, it is a more difficult issue, but this is mainly due to how the regulation of fishing has looked politically around the Baltic Sea. Environmental toxins that are spread in the sea are due to plastics and gadgets we have manufactured here or imported that release toxins into the water. This can be difficult to overcome, the easiest is to create products that do not contain environmental toxins. In this now, it may be time to ask yourself whether bathing in the Baltic Sea should be completely avoided, there are also vibrio bacteria that have increased in the sea and that cause stomach diseases.
One million species are on the verge of extinction - it's humanity's fault
One million animal species on Earth are on the verge of extinction in the coming decades, according to a UN report IPBES released earlier this year. The rate of extinction of wildlife is ten to a hundred times faster than in the last 10 million years.
It is clear how man is responsible for the extinction and many people now believe that a sixth mass extinction on earth has begun.
Humans harm animals through their own struggle for survival, through fishing in the oceans and large agricultural areas so that wild animals can no longer reproduce in the wild.
WWF reports on how the oceans in 30 years 'time can contain more plastic than fish and how today's coral reefs have disappeared by a third (the latter is due to the oceans' warming).
Source: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/snabbkollen/en-miljon-arter-kan-forsvinna 2019-12-05
Source: https://www.wwf.se/stoppa-utrotningen/ 2019-12-05
Koalas threatened after extensive forest fires in Australia
More than 1,000 koalas have been killed in forest fires in Australia and 80% of their natural habitat in the forest has been destroyed. This means that koalas now risk the future generations of their own species.
Koalas depend on eucalyptus trees, which are their main source of nutrition. There is now a risk that the koalas will starve to death.
Source: https://www.svd.se/koalorna-hotade-efter-brandkatastrofen 2019-11-24
Comprehensive report on the health effects of climate change
The Lancet Countdown is an annual report from the medical journal The Lancet on the health effects of climate change.
The report is based on 41 indicators covering five areas: climate change, exposure and vulnerability, adaptation, prevention, economics and policy engagement.
The report is made by an international network of researchers from around the world with expertise in climate research, ecology, mathematics, nutrition, economics, public health and medicine.
New forest fires in Australia and Venice flooded
In Australia, forest fires have begun to ravage. A total of 1.1 million hectares have now been burned and people have been forced to flee for their lives, fortunately few have lost their lives. Many, however, have lost their homes in the fires. In Eastern Australia, 300 fires are currently raging along the coast of New South Wales where several cities are directly threatened. The city of Sydney is lit by fire smoke that also cost three people their lives.
The city of Venice in Italy has been flooded by high tide. Levels like this have not been seen in over 50 years in the Adriatic. The city is described as a disaster zone and has received damage over hundreds of thousands of millions of euros. The situation, according to Venendig's mayor Luigi Burganaro, is a result of climate change.
Year 2050 - No coral reefs left
Coral reefs are very sensitive to temperature changes and if only a few degrees change, coral reefs will become extinct. According to the researchers documented by Vetenskapens Värld's documentary "The world in the greenhouse", this will happen as early as 2050.
It is a serious development both for the wildlife in our ecosystem and it is possible that it can never be what it once was, it is possible to recreate coral reefs in an artificial way that allows us to "save" coral reefs in part if we use an aquarium .
It is thus possible to break off the coral reef and "plant" it in another place where it grows further. This may be the solution to the loss of coral reefs, but as I said, we can not replant in the sea when it is too hot, instead we must then have a solution on land.
In the year 2100 - 5 degrees rise and two meters higher sea level
The latest report from researchers regarding sea level rise means that the sea will rise two meters until the year 2100. The study carried out is based on observations in Antarctica and Greenland where the ice "calves" (releases large masses of ice straight into the water, which means that the melting goes a lot faster than when the ice melts from the sun). In addition, global warming is estimated to be five degrees, which means a very serious situation on earth - read more under the heading Climate facts.
Sources: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/vetenskap/forskare-varnar-havsnivan-kan-stiga-med-tva-meter-till-ar-2100?fbclid=IwAR2LtOv1yZkgO6JiEbtuLD9RIBVjXYx88PUQE94K5PiRUqXumyss0y3px0 2019-05-23